Financial analysis is a vital tool for decision-making, whether it's determining long-term investments or short-term performance management. Clearly understanding financial data is essential to making accurate decisions. Utilizing a structured approach to financial analysis makes this data more meaningful and easier to interpret. Excel tables are a great tool for organizing and structuring financial analysis.

This blog post will provide a comprehensive overview of Excel Tables and their uses in financial analysis. We will cover their functionality and different features, discuss how Excel Tables can be used to structure financial analysis, and provide tips on how to get the most out of the tool. After you have read this blog post, you will have a good understanding of how Excel Tables can help you with structured financial analysis.

Creating an Excel Table

Microsoft Excel is a powerful spreadsheet application that allows users to capture, analyze, and share data quickly and effectively. Excel tables, also referred to as structured tables, make it easier to format, organize, and analyze large amounts of data. Utilizing Excel tables to structure financial analysis can be a powerful time-saving tool and provide additional benefits to improve the accuracy of the analysis.

Inserting an Excel Table

The first step in creating an Excel table is to insert a table in the spreadsheet. This can be accomplished by using the ‘Insert Table’ button, which provides users with options for different layouts. The table should be inserted in such a way that the columns line up with the appropriate financial metrics needed for analysis. This can sometimes be accomplished in a single Excel table, but complex financial analysis may require multiple tables.

Formatting the Excel Table using styles

Excel tables come with several built-in styles that make it easier to format and organize the data for analysis. These styles can be adjusted according to user preferences, and new styles can also be created. Excel tables can be formatted with alternating row and column formats, as well as different color and font styles, making it easy to discern pertinent financial information.

Organizing columns to match appropriate financial metrics

The next step in creating an Excel table is to organize the columns in order to match the appropriate financial metrics. This is an especially important step in complex financial analysis and will help ensure accuracy and consistency. As data is entered into the table, it is useful to create a logical structure in which amounts can be easily added and compared.

By utilizing the formatting and organizational capabilities of Excel tables for structured financial analysis, users can improve the accuracy and speed of their work. Excel tables provide a convenient way to organize and analyze large amounts of data quickly, making them an indispensable tool for any financial analyst.

Adding Data to the Table

Extracting and managing data is an essential component of financial analysis. To help make this process easier, Excel provides users with the ability to utilize tables to structure and organize data for analysis. In order to create a rich and in-depth financial analysis, users need to be able to easily add data from both internal and external sources.

Differentiating between external and internal Datasources

An internal datasource is any kind of data stored within the Excel file. This can include manual data entry, or copying and pasting data from other sources. Using Excel tables allows users to easily add, update, or delete this kind of data to or from the system.

External datasources, on the other hand, are data stored and maintained outside of the Excel file. This can include a multitude of sources, such as webpage links, databases, or other native Excel files. Excel provides users with flexible tools to access this kind of data and add it to their financial analysis.

Connecting to External Data Sources

Users can connect to external data sources using Excel’s Web Query, which enables users to access data from outside sources and add it to their tables. Data from most websources, such as CSV files or HTML pages, can easily be imported into an Excel table by connecting through a Web Query. Once the query is created, the data can be refreshed and filtered in Excel as needed.

Exporting and Importing Data

Additionally, users can export data from Excel tables into native Excel files, and then import them back into the same or different Excel tables. This is useful for creating backup copies of data, or for creating separate tables for different periods.

Excel’s table feature provides users with a great way to organize their data for analytical purposes. By utilizing external and internal sources, users are able to create comprehensive and powerful financial analyses with ease.

Working with Table Data

Excel Tables provide a quick and powerful way for storing, analyzing, and manipulating data. In this chapter, we will look at some of the most helpful features for working with table data.

Using Table Tools to summarize data

Excel Tables provide a valuable tool for summarizing data through the use of Table Tools. Through Table Tools, you can easily sort, filter and group table data to quickly make sense of it.

Table Tools also comes with a range of additional features, such as Sum, Average, Count, and Min/Max, which allow you to quickly perform calculations on your data.

Utilizing features such as sorting, filtering and formulas

In Excel Tables, sorting and filtering your data are incredibly straightforward processes. You can quickly sort data by one or more columns using the Sort & Filter options, as well as filter your data based on a range of criteria.

You can also use formulas within your tables to quickly calculate values, such as sums and averages, without having to manually enter them.

Automatically refreshing data with external connections

Excel Tables also provide the ability to connect to external data sets. Through these external connections, you can set up your tables to automatically refresh with the most up-to-date data. These connections are incredibly useful for keeping track of the latest financial information quickly and easily.

Presenting Financial Analysis

Using Excel tables for structured financial analysis begins with collection of data from underlying financial documents. After the analysis is complete and the data is properly organized and summarized in the Excel table, it is essential to present the findings in a comprehensive way. Depending on the objective of the present the analysis,

Generating Charts and Graphs

One of the most efficient ways to present findings is to generate charts or graphs. For example, to analyze the trend of a series of numbers, a line graph can be used. To understand the distribution of categories, a pie chart can be employed. Generating charts or graphs in Excel is fairly easy and takes a small amount of time to master.

Customizing Formulas to Present Financial Metrics

Generating formulas to calculate financial metrics can be used to show the relative performance of the company. For instance, formulas like Return on Equity (ROE) and Interval Return on Equity (IROE), can be used to analyze the company's efficiency in capital management. Other metrics such as Earnings Per Share (EPS) and Gross Profit Margin (GPM) also provide important benchmarks of performance.

Combining Pivot Tables and Table Data

The combination of pivot tables and table data is an extremely effective way to illustrate a financial analysis. Using a pivot table, different subsets of data can be segmented out. For instance, high or low-performing financial metrics can be identified and formatted in a table. This makes it easier to compare data, because the user can be segment the table down and quickly see what differences there are.


As financial professionals, it is important to know how to utilize Excel Tables and their features to efficiently and accurately analyze data. In this blog post, we discussed the three primary ways that Excel Tables can be utilized to drive financial analysis.

Important Features of Excel Tables

The primary benefit of Excel Tables is the ability to easily format and query large datasets. Excel Tables are automatically organized in a predefined structure, which allows for fast and dynamics filtering, searching, and sorting of data. Additionally, Excel Tables enable users to create summaries or charts with built-in formulas based on a set of data.

Utilizing Data to Drive Financial Analysis

Excel Tables can simplify the financial analysis process by quickly and accurately forecasting future outcomes. By using the “=sumifs” formula, users can quickly input data, transform the data into meaningful financial insights, and make business decisions based on the data analysis. Additionally, Excel Tables make it easy to identify patterns and trends. For example, with one glance, users can find patterns and relationships between measures needed to generate valuable financial insights and reports. Furthermore, Excel Tables can easily be formatted to present data in a professional and concise manner.

In conclusion, Excel Tables offer an efficient and accurate way to analyze large datasets. By utilizing the powerful features of Excel Tables, financial professionals can quickly and efficiently generate meaningful financial insights.


Using Excel tables for structured financial analysis can offer a number of advantages. Firstly, it has the capacity to provide organized information that can be easily edited, sorted, and manipulated in order to gain a better understanding of the finances. Secondly, it is a user-friendly platform that most people are already familiar with, making it a great choice for those who are new to financial analysis. Lastly, Excel tables are reliable and can save significant amounts of time and energy when compared to working with paper documents.

Advantages of Excel Tables for Financial Analysis

  • Organized information that is easily edited, sorted and manipulated
  • User-friendly platform that most people are already familiar with
  • Reliability and ability to save significant amounts of time

How to Use Excel Tables for Financial Analysis

  • Create an Excel table and customize the table format based on the project
  • Enter all data into the table, taking care to double-check accuracy
  • Organize data in rows and columns as needed
  • Add formulas to aid in data analysis and calculations
  • Use filter and sort features to highlight relevant information
  • Format the table with relevant background colors, borders and fonts
  • Save the file to have an up-to-date record of the data/analysis

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